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Books

On Your Mark, Get Set... Tourism’s Take-Off in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

When Continental Air Micronesia inaugurated regular jet air service to the Trust Territory in the late 1960s, it opened commercial possibilities for islands then struggling with an uncertain political and economic future. Tourism became a distant hope as an engine for economic growth. In 1970, Continental built three new 50 room hotels in Chuuk, Palau, and the Northern Marianas and began vigorously promoting the islands as a Pacific paradise getaway destination. What happened over subsequent decades in these three island groups is the subject of this study. It offers lessons for other island nations hoping for a tourism boom today.

On Your Mark, Get Set... Tourism’s Take-Off in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

Honolulu: East-West Center. 80 pp.2017

BUSINESS ECONOMICS

German Rule in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

German colonial rule in the region was short—30 years in the Marshalls and only 15 years everywhere else—but it made a significant impact on most island groups. This short work reviews the major accomplishments of the Germans in each island group. It also offers photographs of the period, many previously unpublished, from the German Capuchin Archives.

German Rule in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

Pohnpei: FSM Historic Preservation Office. 96 pp. 20162016

HISTORY

When Cultures Clash: Revisiting the ‘Spanish-Chamorro Wars’

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

The arrival of Spanish missionaries to the Marianas in 1668 was a first in Pacific Island history; it signaled the beginning of intense Western presence in the islands. The troubled years that followed, marked by intermittent outbreaks of violence, came to be known as the “Spanish-Chamorro Wars.” According to the standard textbooks, this thirty-year period was one of utter devastation–forced conversion, rapid cultural change, precipitous population decline, and loss of Chamorro identity. Or was it? This book seeks to offer a better grounded and more nuanced understanding of this critical period of initial Western contact in the Pacific.

When Cultures Clash: Revisiting the ‘Spanish-Chamorro Wars’

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

Saipan: Northern Marianas Humanities Council. 99 pp.2015

HISTORY RELIGION

Making Sense of Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

Why are islanders so lavishly generous with food and material possessions but so guarded with information? Why do these people, unfailingly polite for the most part, laugh openly when others embarrass themselves? What does a smile mean to an islander? Making Sense of Micronesia is intended for westerners who find themselves in contact with Micronesians—as teachers, social workers, health-care providers, or simply as friends—and are puzzled by their island ways. It is for anyone struggling to make sense of cultural exchanges they don’t quite understand.

Making Sense of Micronesia: The Logic of Pacific Island Culture

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 182 pp.2013

CULTURAL SOCIAL ISSUES

The Caroline Islands: History of the Diocese

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

The history of the diocese is a journey from the first Catholic evangelization of the Carolines in the late nineteenth century up to the present day. It is a celebration of the growth of a church that has by now developed island cultural roots even as it has been brought under the leadership of Micronesians. The text is supplemented by many historical photos and a section on each of the parishes in the diocese.

The Caroline Islands: History of the Diocese

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Eckbolsheim: Editions du Signe. 144 pp.2013

HISTORY RELIGION

Summoning the Powers Beyond

Jay Dobbin with Francis X. Hezel, SJ

What was island religion like before the coming of Christianity?  Drawing on all the sources available, this book reconstructs the old religions of re-modern Micronesia. It offers a chapter on the religious beliefs and practices of each part of Micronesia, emphasizing what is unique to that particular island group and what is shared with other places. The summary provides an overview of elements of religion that are found throughout the entire region.

Summoning the Powers Beyond: Traditional Religions in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Honolulu: UH Press. 286pp2011

RELIGION

Over Seas and Time

Written by Tim Smit. Edited by Francis X. Hezel, SJ

This textbook on the history of the Federated States of Micronesia describes the origins of the islands and their people. It also shows how people from several different island groups have been altered by outside forces over the years and how, in the end, they have become a single nation today.

Over Seas and Time: A Micronesian History Texbook

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Pohnpei: FSM Department of Education, 2010. 506 pp.2010

EDUCATION HISTORY

Micronesian Government: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

Written by Josh Levy. Edited by Francis X. Hezel, SJ

This textbook focuses less on how the modern democratic government operates today than on how it evolved over time. It begins with the traditional authority systems in different island groups and then tracks the changes that impacted up to the present.

Micronesian Government: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow: A Micronesian Civics Textbook

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Pohnpei: FSM Department of Education, 2008. 315 pp.2008

GOVERNMENT HISTORY

The Catholic Church in Micronesia

By Francis X. Hezel, SJ

A simply told story of the founding and growth of the Catholic Church in each island group, with lists of missionary personnel, local clergy, and parish churches appended. This book was prepared for the centennial of the church in each island group.

The Catholic Church in Micronesia: Historical Essays on the Catholic Church in the Caroline-Marshall Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Micronesian Seminar: 2003.2003

Books HISTORY RELIGION

The New Shape of Old Island Cultures

by Francis X. Hezel, SJ

How have Micronesian cultures changed since World War II? This book presents a pointed synthesis of important changes from the Marshall Islands to Palau, ranging from family structure, land and gender roles to the cultural treatment of life events (birth, marriage, death). This book draws on the author's own real-life experiences and anthropological literature.

The New Shape of Old Island Cultures: A Half-Century of Social Change in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2001. 198 pp.2001

FAMILY CHANGE HISTORY

Truk Underwater Archaeology

By Francis X. Hezel, S.J., and Clark Graham

The sunken Japanese fleet in Chuuk has become a world famous diving attraction for scuba enthusiasts. The sunken ships, bombed during the US counteroffensive against Japan in 1944, constitute a museum and a valuable asset for the Federated States of Micronesia. This book is an introduction to this museum, as well as to the events that produced the museum and the efforts that have made to preserve it from the depredations of humans and nature.

Truk Underwater Archaeology

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

San Francisco: U.S. National Park Service, 1997. 50 pp.1997

ECONOMICS HISTORY

Strangers in Their Own Land

By Francis X. Hezel, SJ

The volume, covering the period from 1886 to 1986, presents the drama of social change in Micronesia under four flags: Spanish, German, Japanese and American. The book chronicles the attempt of each administration to bring the “blessings of civilization” and the varied responses of island people.

Strangers in Their Own Land: A Century of Colonial Rule in the Caroline and Marshall Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1995. 467 pp.1995

HISTORY

From Conquest to Colonization

By Francis X. Hezel, SJ

The fifty year period between 1690 and 1740 is extremely significant in the history of the Mariana Islands, although it has heretofore received little scholarly attention. Utilizing contemporary letters and reports penned by Jesuit missionaries who served in the islands, this book examines the major events of this period and their effects on traditional Chamorro society.

From Conquest to Colonization: Spain in the Mariana Islands 1690 to 1740

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Saipan: CNMI Divison of Historical Preservation, 1989. 78pp.1989

GOVERNMENT HISTORY

The First Taint of Civilization

By Francis X. Hezel, SJ

A spirited tale of early exchanges between Micronesians and the West–from early Spanish explorers through 19th century whalers, traders, missionaries and beachcombers to the warship captains that planted the first foreign flags on the islands.

The First Taint of Civilization: A History of the Caroline and Marshall Islands in Pre-Colonial Days, 1521-1885

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983. 365 pp.1983

GOVERNMENT HISTORY

Micronesia: Winds of Change

Edited by Francis X. Hezel, S.J. and Mark Berg

This coffee-table book is well illustrated with photos and drawings depicting the islands’ journey to modern times. Introductory essays link first-hand accounts by foreigners describing what they saw or did in the islands. The book embraces 400 years of history, from Magellan to US naval administration in early 1950s.

Micronesia: Winds of Change. A Book of Reading on the History of Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Saipan 1980. 365 pp.1980

FAMILY CHANGE GOVERNMENT HISTORY

Foreign Ships in Micronesia

By Francis X. Hezel, SJ

A list of all recorded ship visits to the islands prior to early foreign rule, with information on the ship, its master and mission, and what of note happened during the visit. The book has an extensive bibliography and index.

Foreign Ships in Micronesia: A Compendium of Ship Contacts with the Caroline and Marshall Islands, 1521-1885

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Saipan: Trust Territory Printing Office, 1979. 185pp.1979

HISTORY

articles

Pacific Island Nations: How Viable Are Their Economies?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Are Pacific Island nations waging a losing battle in their attempt to create self-supporting economies?

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2012

ECONOMICS

Christianity and Violence in the Pacific

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Weighs whether Christianity in the Pacific has contributed to or diminished violence in the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2011

HISTORY RELIGION

Religion in the Marshall Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A brief review of the main features of religious practice and belief in the Marshalls from traditional to modern times.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2011

RELIGION

Disease in Micronesia: A Historical Survey

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Review of the disease patterns and their effect on mortality over two centuries of contact with the West.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2010

HEALTH

A Life at the Edge of the World

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

American Jesuits in Micronesia and their mission as seen by one Jesuit.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2009

RELIGION

The Cultural Revolution of the 1960s in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The impact of the cash economy on the family and other social institutions in the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2008

CULTURAL

The Man Who was Reputed to be King: David Dean O'Keefe

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Life of the best known trader in the Western Carolines in the 19th century.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2008

HISTORY

Is That the Best You Can Do? A Tale of Two Micronesian Economies

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Evolution of the economies of FSM and the Marshalls over forty years and our expectations for self-reliance.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2006

ECONOMICS

Keeping The Information Flow Open: A Key Condition for Good Government in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Cultural practices limit transparency and accountability in the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2006

GOVERNMENT

Integration of Catholicism into Guam and its People

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Brief look at the assimilation of Spanish Catholicism and Chamorro culture.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2005

RELIGION

An Overview of the FSM Economy

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A forecast of FSM's economic future for the next twenty years and beyond.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2003

ECONOMICS

Thoughts on Community Colleges in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Brief history of the origins of community colleges and suggestions on how they might face the future.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2003

EDUCATION

WHO Mental Health Research in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Serious mental illness in Micronesia as presented in four different studies.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2003

HEALTH

Chuuk: Caricature of an Island

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Memorial of a Jesuit to his 25 years on Chuuk.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2003

HISTORY

Health in Micronesia through the Years

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The transition from infectious diseases to the era of non-communicable diseases.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2003

HEALTH

Examining the consequences of the Money Economy in the Pacific

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

If a growing economy will produce social changes, islanders should anticipate these consequences when making economic choices.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2001

ECONOMICS

Stepping Stones to Somewhere Else

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Brief description of the social and political context of the church’s work in the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2001

RELIGION

German Catholic Missions in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

German Capuchins in the Carolines and Missionaries of the Sacred Heart in the Marshalls and their contributions.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2001

RELIGION

Suicide on Guam: Putting It in Historical Perspective

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Brief historical review of suicide on Guam.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2001

SUICIDE

Statistics on Education in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Statistical data on the schools and their performance throughout the region.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2000

EDUCATION

Micronesian Seminar: 25 Years

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Description of MicSem, its mission, and its accomplishments.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

1999

RELIGION

American Anthropology's Contribution to Social Problems Research in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Review of the contribution of American anthropologists to research on social problems in Micronesia.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

1999

SOCIAL ISSUES

Education for What?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Summary essay on a discussion held on the purpose of public education.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

1998

EDUCATION

The Unmaking of the Micronesian Family

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Changes in the family structure and the social problems that have stemmed from them.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

1998

FAMILY CHANGE

Alcohol and Drug Use in the Republic of the Marshall Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Data on the use of alcohol and drugs by Marshallese based on survey.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

1997

ALCOHOL & DRUGS

Alcohol and Drug Use in the Federated States of Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Data on the use of alcohol and drugs by Micronesians based on survey.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1997

ALCOHOL & DRUGS

Sustainable Human Development in the Federated States of Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Overview of political, social and economic conditions in FSM.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ, with Edwin Q.P. Petteys and Deborah L. Chang

1997

ECONOMICS

Introduction to Francisco Garcia's Life of Diego Luis de San Vitores

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Offers a brief glimpse of the historical context of San Vitores’ work on Guam.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1996

HISTORY

New Trends in Micronesian Migration

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Survey of changing patterns of migration ten years after the Compact.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ, with Michael Levin

1996

MIGRATION

Distribution of Spirit Possession and Trance in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Maps the history of spirit possession and trance throughout the region.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ, with Jay Dobbin

1996

SOCIAL ISSUES

In Search of a Talking Point on Human Rights

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Human rights language, as a product of Western development, may require translation into more terms more compatible with island cultures.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1995

JUSTICE & LAW

The Struggle for Justice...But Under Whose Terms?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The goals of the struggle for justice can be better achieved by using island terms.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1995

JUSTICE & LAW

A Second Look at FSM Migration to Guam

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Review of migration data in view of a recent Guam bill to limit welfare benefits to migrants.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1995

MIGRATION

Congeries of Spirits

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Essay on the pre-christian religions in Micronesia.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1995

RELIGION

The Church in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Historical sketch of the Jesuit mission through the 20th century.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1995

RELIGION

Possession and Trance in Chuuk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Traces the evolution of spirit possession in Chuuk from planned to spontaneous, while showing the changes in how possession functions.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ, with Jay Dobbin

1995

SOCIAL ISSUES

When the Wind Blows, the Islands will Rock

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A critical look at the new religious movements in the Pacific.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1994

RELIGION

Changes in the Pohnpeian Family: 1950-1990

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Summary of research on the changes in basic social institutions on Pohnpei after the war.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1992

FAMILY CHANGE

The Changing Family in Chuuk: 1950-1990

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Summary of research on the changes in basic social institutions in Chuuk after the war.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ, with Innocente Oneisom

1992

FAMILY CHANGE

Schizophrenia and Chronic Mental Illness in Micronesia: An Epidemiological Survey

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Survey of mental illness throughout FSM, Palau and the Marshalls.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ, with Michael Wylie

1992

HEALTH

The Expensive Taste for Modernity: Caroline and Marshall Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Review of the major economic changes in the islands throughout their history, highlighting some of the social and political consequences.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1992

HISTORY

The Cruel Dilemma: Money Economies in the Pacific

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The ways in which a cash economy impacts on island life and how the church might respond.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1992

JUSTICE & LAW

Spirit Possession in Chuuk: A Socio-Cultural Interpretation

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Explains Chuukese spirit possession as a cultural strategy for dealing with family problems.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1992

SOCIAL ISSUES

Recolonizing Islands and Decolonizing History

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Reflections on the historiography of the Pacific.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1991

HISTORY

The Price of Education in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Schools are a costly feature of modern society and have negative consequences on the islands’ struggling economies.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1989

EDUCATION

The Great Flight Northward: FSM Migration to Guam

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Analysis of migration to Guam during the first years of the Compact.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ, with Thomas McGrath

1989

MIGRATION

What Can We Do to Prevent Suicide?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Suggestions for suicide prevention strategies.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1989

SUICIDE

Suicide in the Micronesian Family

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The changes in the extended family brought about by the rise of the cash economy contributed to the rise in suicide.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1989

SUICIDE

New Directions in Pacific History: A Practitioner's Critical View

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Reactions to the new canons governing Pacific history.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1988

HISTORY

From Conquest to Colonization: Spain in the Marianas 1690-1740

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

History of the later period of Spanish rule in the Marianas.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1988

HISTORY

Let's Have the Meal Today Rather Than the Fishing Industry Tomorrow

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Local governments are perpetuating the old habits of spending for consumption money that could be used for economic development.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1987

ECONOMICS

Serving the Poor in Micronesia: One Approach

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The church’s mission of working with the poor sometimes involves public education.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1987

RELIGION

The Effects of Modernization on Three Areas of Island Life

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Modernization imposes difficult choices, especially regarding gender equality, fairness to those outside the family, and balance of concern between the household and the extended family.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1987

SOCIAL ISSUES

In Search of the Social Roots of Mental Pathology in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The high rates of mental illness and suicide might be related to stress generated by cultural conflict and change.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1986

HEALTH

Micronesian Emigration: The Brain Drain in Palau, Marshalls and the Federated States

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Historical survey of migration from the early trusteeship.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ, with Michael Levin

1986

MIGRATION

Historical Sketch of the Caroline-Marshall Mission of the New York Province

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Brief history of the Jesuit mission in Micronesia from the end of World War II.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1986

RELIGION

Truk Suicide Epidemic and Social Change

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Explains the causes and psychodynamics of Micronesian suicide.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1986

SUICIDE

How Much is Enough? US Aid and Free Association

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Island governments are neglecting the long-range vision of self-reliance in their attempt to gain access to US federal programs.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1985

COMPACT

Schools in Micronesia Prior to American Administration

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

History of the growth of education in Micronesia up to World War II.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1985

EDUCATION

In the Aftermath of the Education Expolosion

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Results of the follow-up survey of all Chuukese high school graduates done in 1984.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1985

EDUCATION

Journey of Faith: Blessed Diego of the Marianas

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Short biography of Diego Luis de San Vitores.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1985

HISTORY

A Brief Economic History of Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

History of the cash economy through the colonial period to the end of trusteeship with figures and tables of exports and imports.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1984

ECONOMICS

Cultural Patterns in Trukese Sucide

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Presents the close cultural pattern in suicides among Chuukese.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1984

SUICIDE

Jesuit Martyrs in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Account of the deaths of the 20 Jesuits who were killed in the course of their missionary work in the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1983

RELIGION

Youth Drinking in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Summary of a conference on youth drinking in the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1982

ALCOHOL & DRUGS

From Conversion to Conquest: The Early Spanish Mission in the Marianas

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

History of the Marianas from the arrival of missionaries to the end of the fighting between Spanish and Chamorros.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1982

HISTORY

Yesterday's Myths, Today's Realities

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The old dreams of self-reliance are yielding to the demands for more jobs and consumer goods.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1980

ECONOMICS

The New Formula for Self-Reliance

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Islanders today have come to believe that self-reliance does not require any cutback in lifestyle or the flow of money into the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1979

ECONOMICS

In the Wake of Foam and Blood

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Account of hostilities in 1565 between Spanish on the San Lucas and Chuukese people.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1979

HISTORY

The Education Explosion in Chuuk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Results of a survey of all high school graduates showing the rapid expansion of education in Chuuk.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1978

EDUCATION

Looking Ahead to the End of the Trusteeship, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Summary of Micronesia’s Compact negotiations with the US.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1978

GOVERNMENT

The Role of the Beachcombers in the Caroline Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Beachcombers served different functions, depending on the island on which they resided.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1978

HISTORY

Indigenization as a Missionary Goal in the Caroline-Marshall Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Traces the route to inculturation for Protestant and Catholic churches.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1978

RELIGION

The Anthropologist and Social Problems in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The articles lists six major social problems that could profitably be researched by anthropologists.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1978

SOCIAL ISSUES

Taking the Long View

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The immediate pay-off often blinds people to the long-term social, economic or political effects.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1977

ECONOMICS

Ghosts of the Past...A Vision of the Future

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Article on Xavier High School and its history on its 25th anniversary.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1977

EDUCATION

The Micronesian Dilemma: How to Support Expensive Habits and Still Run the Household

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Is the new affluence of the islands putting the hope of independence beyond reach?

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1976

ECONOMICS

Micronesia's Hanging Spree

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Early attempt to offer data about the initial stages of the suicide explosion.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1976

SUICIDE

In Search of a Home: Colonial Education in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The dynamics of education can alienate the young from their own society, while sharpening their awareness of this alienation.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1975

EDUCATION

Micronesia's Education for Self-Government: Frolicking in the Backyard?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The government-run political education program has sacrificed passion and competing views in its effort to be non-partisan.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1975

GOVERNMENT

A Yankee Trader in Yap: Crayton Philo Holcomb

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

History of the life and work of Holcomb on Yap.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1975

HISTORY

Micronesia: Ten Years After

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Micronesia’s real poverty consists in the affluence that could diminish its national pride.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1974

ECONOMICS

Recent Theories of the Relationship between Education and Development

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Brief review of four different theories of the interface between education and development.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1974

EDUCATION

Who Shall Own the Schools?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The importance of giving parents understanding and ownership of what happens in the process of education.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1974

EDUCATION

Dumont d'Urville on Truk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Account of the visit of a French naval expedition to Chuuk in early 19th century.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1974

HISTORY

Reflections on Micronesia's Economy

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Data on employment, wages, education, and imports shows the islands moving away from self-reliance.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1973

ECONOMICS

The School Industry

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The elementary school is the largest economic factor in the village throughout the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1973

EDUCATION

A Sad Tale of Long Ago: How Magic Signs were Brought to a Far-off Island

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Fable telling how a people lost their sense of their cultural past after long contact with outsiders.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1973

EDUCATION

The Beginnings of Foreign Contact in Truk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

History of Western impact on Chuuk through the 19th century.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1973

HISTORY

The First European Visit to Truk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Translation from Spanish of the report of the visit of San Lucas in 1564.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1973

HISTORY

Early European Contact with the Western Carolines: 1525-1750

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Account of Arellano’s stopover in Chuuk in 1565.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1972

HISTORY

Westernization of Truk: A Backward Glance

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

History of Western impact on Chuuk through the 19th century.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1972

HISTORY

Spanish Capuchins in the Carolines

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A history of mission efforts by the Spanish Capuchins from 1885 to the end of the 19th century.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1971

RELIGION

Self-support of Programs and Institutions of the Catholic Church

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Self-support by local people of their church may increase their self-esteem.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1971

RELIGION

Catholic Missions in the Carolines and Marshall Islands

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A historical and bibliographic survey of the Catholic missions in Micronesia.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1970

RELIGION

The Creation of a Colony: The Paradox of Economic Aid to Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Trends of a larger US subsidy during the 1960 might lead to permanent colonial status of Micronesia.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1968

ECONOMICS

Micronesian Counselors

Path to Heaven

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Personal reflection on how the church and its mission has changed during a lifetime.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2010

RELIGION

Swimming with the Tide

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Island development today could learn from the past: the importance of trading partnerships and self-enforced contracts.

C.L. Cheshire

2010

BUSINESS ECONOMICS

Make Me Be Good

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

How can reform of the failing education system be carried out in an island group where pressures abound to keep good teachers and bad teachers alike? There are tried and tested methods that will help, the author suggests.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2010

EDUCATION GOVERNMENT

A Teacher's Tale

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

An expatriate teacher explains the cultural lessons learned during his long stay in the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2009

CULTURAL

Playing the Numbers Game

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Accurate Statistics are essential for mapping out progress and fixing future goals

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2009

EDUCATION GOVERNMENT HEALTH

The Role of Culture in Economic Development

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The playing field is not level when it comes to economic development, for cultural values and attitudes give some societies a head start.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2009

CULTURAL ECONOMICS

High Water in the Low Atolls

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Waves surges for two successive years have damaged the food supply in outer atolls and threaten even more in the future.

Francis X. Hezel, S. J.

2009

ENVIRONMENT

CPR for Chuuk Public Schools

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

An educator describes a three-week summer retreat for Chuuk public school principals, its dynamics and some of the outcomes.

Arthur Leger, S.J.

2009

EDUCATION

What Are Our Priorities?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Suggestions on priority areas for the FSM Government: health, education, care of the outer islands, economic development, monitoring progress through data collection, and social problems.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2008

GOVERNMENT

Cultural Revolution Of The 60's

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The rapid increase of dollars and jobs in the 1960s led to structural changes whose impacts are still being felt.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2008

CULTURAL FAMILY CHANGE

The Church in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A brief history of the integration of Christian churches into island cultures, highlighting the changes on both in the course of this process.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2008

HISTORY RELIGION

What's Happened to All Our College Graduates?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

An essay on why college students abroad have become fewer over the last 30 years, why this can hurt the islands, and what can be done about it.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2008

EDUCATION

Climate Change is Real

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

What does climate change mean, what are its impacts on the islands, and what can we do about it?

Ben Namakin

2007

ENVIRONMENT

The Rules of the Road in Chuuk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The financial and political crisis in Chuuk stems from the shortcuts that people take to get what they need from the government, thus adding to the confusion.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2007

GOVERNMENT

HIV/AIDS in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A look at the disease, its impact on the islands so far, and suggestions on what might be done to reduce the risk.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2007

HEALTH

Island Politics

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Politics in the islands has been elevated to a new art form, while drifting from the ideal of public service.

Francis X. Hezel, S.J.

2007

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT

A Tuna Industry in Micronesia?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The case for launching a large fishing industry in the islands despite a long list of past failures.

Peter Wilson

2007

BUSINESS ECONOMICS

The Cult of the Individual

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

As in America, the individual is being liberated from kin and community in Micronesia.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2007

SOCIAL ISSUES

Micronesians Abroad

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Report on a visit to Micronesian communities in the US with reflections on lessons learned.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ and Eugenia Samuel

2006

GOVERNMENT MIGRATION

Renewable Energy For Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Suggestions for practical alternatives to fossil fuel for island people.

Doug Kelly

2006

ENVIRONMENT

Homosexuality in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A frank discussion of the problems faced by gays and lesbians in the islands.

Major Scott Nicloy

2006

SOCIAL ISSUES

Who Will Own Business in Majuro

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Study of how Chinese immigrants have become dominant in business on Majuro and what effects this is having on the local population.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2006

BUSINESS

Spiritual Abuse

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A clergyman reports on how church leaders can take advantage of their flock.

Major Scott Nicloy

2006

RELIGION SOCIAL ISSUES

Myths of the FSM Economy

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The article challenges seven popular beliefs about the economy of FSM.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2005

ECONOMICS

Call to Arms: Micronesians in the Military

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

What is the strong appeal of the US military to island youth, and how do they fare when they join?

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2005

SOCIAL ISSUES

Caricature of Infinity

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Humorous account of a priest’s adventures on a trip through the Yap outer islands.

Neil Poulin, SJ

2005

CULTURAL

Cultural Loss: How Real is the Threat?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

If culture is more than material items and outward behavior, perhaps the threat of cultural loss is exaggerated.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2005

CULTURAL

Micronesian Governments: A View from the Outside

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A presentation of the Findings of Transparency International reports on FSM, Palau and the Marshalls.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2005

GOVERNMENT

Peeking Into the Public Process

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Public access to government information conflicts with cultural views of how information is shared.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2005

GOVERNMENT

Health in Micronesia Over the Years

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A historical survey of the change in types of illness during the 19th and 20th centuries

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2004

HEALTH HISTORY

Do We Really Need Land Registration in the Marshalls?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Assessment of the problems in recording and registering land weighed against its benefits

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2004

LAND ISSUES

The Clam Industry in the Marshalls

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

History of the clam industry and the problems encountered along the way.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2004

BUSINESS ECONOMICS

The Chuuk Problem: At the Foot of the Political Pyramid

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Argument that Chuuk’s political impasse stems from its fragmented traditional authority system.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2004

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT

The FSM Amnesty Bill

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Critique of the FSM bill proposing to grant amnesty to public officials prosecuted for corruption.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2004

GOVERNMENT JUSTICE & LAW

How Tough Was Your Dad?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Explores the change in family dynamics and its impact on the growing suicide rate in the islands.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2003

FAMILY CHANGE SOCIAL ISSUES

An Alternative Strategy for Developing a Micronesian Export Industry

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

An inventory of factors to be considered before opening an export business in the islands.

C.L. Cheshire

2003

BUSINESS

The Silent Cry For Help: Spouse Abuse in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Description of the extent of wife-beating today and how cultural changes have given rise to it.

Eugenia Samuel

2003

SOCIAL ISSUES

Power or Partnership? Making Compact II Work

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A critique of the US strong-arm stance as the terms of the next Compact are negotiated.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2003

COMPACT

Rough Seas Ahead: The FSM Economy During Compact II

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A forecast of FSM’s economic future for the next twenty years and beyond.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2003

COMPACT ECONOMICS

Too Young To Be Mothers

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A study of teenage pregnancy throughout Micronesia.

Eugenia Samuel

2002

SOCIAL ISSUES

A Leap Into the Unknown

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Reviews the problems that Micronesian emigrants face when moving to the US for jobs and education.

Augustine Kohler and Eugenia Samuel

2002

MIGRATION SOCIAL ISSUES

A Close Look at the Proposed Amendments to the FSM Constitution

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

An impartial review of the pros and cons of each of the 14 proposed constitutional amendments.

John R. Haglelgam

2002

GOVERNMENT JUSTICE & LAW

Spoiled Tuna: A Fishing Industry Gone Bad

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Review of the recent history of the fishing industry in FSM and impact of the losses on the country.

Matthew Jacobs

2002

ECONOMICS

Settling Disputes

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Over-reliance on the courts to settle disputes, even though traditional means are available.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2002

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT

The Rule of Law

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Why island societies with effective conflict resolution needs a western-style law system.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2001

GOVERNMENT JUSTICE & LAW

Business and Family in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Compilation of best practices for balancing kin obligations with what is needed to make a business work.

C.L. Cheshire

2001

BUSINESS

Insuring Our Health: Financing Health Care in the FSM

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

How to fashion an insurance program that will relieve the government’s heavy burden of medical costs.

Marcus H. Samo

2001

ECONOMICS HEALTH

Feast and Famine: US Assistance and the Compact Funding Outlook

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

US funding assistance to FSM for the next two years and the Compact funding outlook.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2001

COMPACT ECONOMICS

Islands of Excellence

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A review of some of the best public elementary schools in the region and a look at what makes them work.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2001

EDUCATION

The Myth of Education: A Second Look

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Education once offered the promise of good jobs, and even now it offers other rich rewards.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2001

EDUCATION

How Good Are Our Schools?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Highlights the best schools throughout the region on the basis of test scores and other data.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2001

EDUCATION

What Should Our Schools Be Doing?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Is the goal of education to provide academic skills, manpower training, or cultural preservation?

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2000

EDUCATION

Why I Can't Get A Loan...and Probably Shouldn't Anyway!

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Helping prospective businessmen draw up a business plan for a loan may be a bad idea

C.L. Cheshire

2000

BUSINESS

Becoming a Professional Victim

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Argues that the Marshall Islands’ lawsuit against Big Tobacco could be more damaging than the cigarettes they smoked.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2000

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT

Here's Where We're Headed. Which Way Should We Be Going?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A review of what the numbers say about the directions of the Micronesian governments.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ and Hilda Heine

2000

ECONOMICS EDUCATION GOVERNMENT

Land: Public Use and Regulation

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Discussion of the importance of land for public service and the problems of acquiring it.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2000

GOVERNMENT LAND ISSUES

Teach Our Children Well: A Look At Our Public Elementary Schools in Pohnpei

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

What are the factors most responsible for success in public elementary schools on Pohnpei?

Jasmine Johnson

2000

EDUCATION

Land: As Investment

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Land in the islands is a treasure that can be left unused or invested for future prosperity.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2000

LAND ISSUES

Bringing Health Care to the People: A Look at Dispensaries in the FSM

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A critical look at how dispensaries operate in the FSM.

Eugenia A. Samuel and Marcus H. Samo

2000

HEALTH

Land: Is It Time For a Change in Direction?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Land is a priceless cultural inheritance, but it can also be used for future development.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1999

LAND ISSUES

Why Don't Our Government Offices Work?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Explanation of how cultural values and attitudes obstruct the creation of a government bureaucracy.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1998

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT

Sustainable Human Developement in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

A review of the economic situation and of development possibilities in the future.

Jay Dobbin and Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1998

ECONOMICS

A Hibiscus In the Wind: The Micronesian Chief and His People

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Chiefs had obligations toward their people as well as the other way around.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1997

CULTURAL

Micronesian Migration Since World War II

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Selection of short articles by different authors on migration from the islands to Guam and the US.

Jay Dobbin and Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1996

MIGRATION

Drugs in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Selection of articles on marijuana in Chuuk, gas sniffing in Chuuk, and ice use in CNMI.

Jay Dobbin

1996

ALCOHOL & DRUGS SOCIAL ISSUES

Anthropology's Contribution to Social Problems Research in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Anthropologists’ attempts to situate social problems in the context of cultural change.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1995

SOCIAL ISSUES

Land Issues in Chuuk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Report from a two-day conference on land problems in Chuuk.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1994

CULTURAL LAND ISSUES

Changes in Family Structure Leading to Alcoholism, Suicide, and Child Abuse

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Anthropological view of how culture change in the family brings about social problems.

Donald H. Rubinstein

1994

CULTURAL FAMILY CHANGE SUICIDE

The Changing Family In Chuuk: 1950-1999

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Summary of research done on changes in family structure and practice in Chuuk.

Innocente I. Oneisom

1994

FAMILY CHANGE

Social Isolation, Cultural Competence, and Disability in the Carolines

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

How physical disability is understood and dealt with in the islands.

Mac Marshall

1994

CULTURAL HEALTH SOCIAL ISSUES

The Changing Pohnpeian Family

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Summary of research done on changes in family structure and practice on Pohnpei.

Seberiano Barnabas and Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1993

FAMILY CHANGE

Spirit Possession in Chuuk: Socio-Cultural Interpretation

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Summary of research done on the ways in which spirit possession is used as a means of dealing with family problems.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1993

CULTURAL

Culture in Crisis: Trends in the Pacific Today

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Review of problem areas in the Pacific resulting from social change.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1993

CULTURAL SOCIAL ISSUES

Mental Illness in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Report on the findings of a study of serious mental illness throughout the region.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1993

HEALTH

Kokan: Youthful Female Runaways in the Marshalls

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Report on a study of young Marshallese women who left their families to become prostitutes.

Dennis T.P. Keene

1992

SOCIAL ISSUES

Neglect, Physical Abuse, and Sexual Molestation in Palau

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Report on a study of physical and sexual abuse in Palauan families.

Richard Shewman

1992

SOCIAL ISSUES

Youth Drinking in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The rise of alcohol use among the young and its effects on society

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1992

ALCOHOL & DRUGS SOCIAL ISSUES

What Can We Do to Prevent Suicide?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Suggestions regarding methods of preventing suicide among the young.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1991

SUICIDE

Effects of Modernization on Three Areas of Island Life

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Modernization poses difficult choices for people, especially regarding gender equality, fairness to those outside the family, and balance of concern between the household and the extended family.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

1991

CULTURAL SOCIAL ISSUES

Marijuana in Chuuk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Report on a study done on the extent, cost and effects of marijuana use in Chuuk.

Innocente I. Oneisom

1991

ALCOHOL & DRUGS

Child Abuse and Neglect in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Report on a study of child abuse and neglect in Chuuk, Pohnpei, Yap and Palau.

Mariano N. Marcus

1991

SOCIAL ISSUES

Chuuk's Violence: Then and Now

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The pattern of homicide in Chuuk has changed over a century: today more of the violence is done against family members.

Innocente I. Oneisom

1991

SOCIAL ISSUES

Micsem Discussion

The Taste of Pork: Congressional Funds for Development

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The pros and cons of the pork barrel funds long appropriated by FSM Congress.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

2000-04-26

HEALTH

Your New Business Doesn't Have to Fail

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Promise and problems in setting up a private business in Micronesia.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

2000-04-01

BUSINESS

Vitamin A Deficiency

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Causes of Vitamin deficiency, extent of the problem, and strategies for dealing with it.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1999-04-21

HEALTH

Education for What?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Discussion on the purposes of education in Micronesia.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1998-11-19

EDUCATION

Revenue Sharing Between the States and National Government

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Revenue sharing may be needed in view of the states' financial problems.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1997-03-19

ECONOMICS GOVERNMENT

The YTK Proposal and the Future of Fishing in Pohnpei

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Japanese proposal to establish a large fishing industry on Pohnpei may threaten other fishing interests.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1997-02-13

BUSINESS ECONOMICS GOVERNMENT

PUC: Friend or Enemy?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Discussion of a recent decision by Pohnpei Utilities Corporation to raise power and water rates.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1996-01-24

GOVERNMENT SOCIAL ISSUES

Population Policy for FSM

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Discussion of the need for a population policy and the strong cultural forces against limiting family size.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1995-10-18

GOVERNMENT SOCIAL ISSUES

Casino Gambling: Should it Be Allowed?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The pros and cons of legalizing casino gambling to stimulate development on Pohnpei.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1995-09-06

GOVERNMENT SOCIAL ISSUES

Freedom of Information: Who Has a Right to What?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Freedom of press can provide important information to the public, but it can also do social damage in a Pacific society.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1995-05-17

CULTURAL JUSTICE & LAW SOCIAL ISSUES

What Can We Do to Improve Our Schools?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Improvement of education does not begin with money so much as good leadership and other factors.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1995-03-29

EDUCATION GOVERNMENT

How Good is Our Health Care in FSM

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Primary health care emphasizing preventive health and a health insurance program would improve health care greatly.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1995-01-31

GOVERNMENT HEALTH

Domestic Violence in Micronesia

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

With the breakdown of social mechanisms that once protected women, new means of protecting them from harm will have to be found.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1994-11-30

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT SOCIAL ISSUES

The FSM Foreign Debt

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Explores the current status of foreign investment and debt in FSM

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1994-10-12

ECONOMICS GOVERNMENT

Relations Between Pohnpei State and FSM

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Tensions between Pohnpei and the national government are linked to land rights, allocation of funds, and authority.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1994-09-22

GOVERNMENT

Where Do Traditional Leaders Fit in Today's Society?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Traditional leaders have a distinct function, but can not easily be absorbed into the modern authority system.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1994-05-12

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT

Is There a Place for Foreigners in Micronesia Today?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

How can foreigners be integrated into Micronesian society better than they are at present?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1994-04-13

ECONOMICS GOVERNMENT

Women's Role in Micronesia: Then and Now

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Many of the traditional roles of women have eroded with modernization, raising the question of how adjustments can be made.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1994-03-08

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT SOCIAL ISSUES

What Can We Do to Promote Private Business

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Exploration of ways in which the private sector in the economy could be helped to expand.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1994-01-26

BUSINESS ECONOMICS

Educating for Self-Reliance

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Educating a generation to become financially self-reliant cannot be accomplished by the schools alone.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1994-01-26

EDUCATION GOVERNMENT

After The Compact, What Then?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

What will the FSM Government do to promote economic development and self-reliance before the end of the Compact funding period?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1993-11-10

ECONOMICS GOVERNMENT

Is the Congress of FSM Becoming Too Powerful?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The concentration of power in FSM Congress might make it the dominant force in the national government.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1993-10-13

GOVERNMENT

What's the Fishing Industry Doing for FSM?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Comparative look at benefits from fishing rights fees and the local fishing industry in FSM

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1993-09-08

ECONOMICS GOVERNMENT

Economic Development in Yap

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Reconciling the need for economic development with social change in Yap.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1990-10-06

ECONOMICS

Population Pressure and The Church's Response

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Does rapid population growth in Chuuk warrant a serious attempt to limit family size?

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1989-04-08

RELIGION SOCIAL ISSUES

Changes in the Palauan Family

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

The radical change that has occurred in the organization of the Palauan family demands adjustments within the family.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1989-01-01

FAMILY CHANGE

Faith, Culture and Democracy in Truk

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Discussion of the fit between democracy and traditional authority in Chuuk, and how the church can help mediate.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1988-04-30

CULTURAL GOVERNMENT RELIGION

Changes in the Yapese Family

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Discussion of the shifting values that have been caused by family change in Yap.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1988-01-30

FAMILY CHANGE

Palauan Custom

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

Changes in many of the most important Palauan customs demand a response today by Palauans.

Francis X. Hezel S.J.

1986-11-22

CULTURAL

talks

Micronesia and Japan

Super Admin

Presentation given at Sophia University, Tokyo, in May 2018.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2018

College Education for What?

Super Admin

Presentation at 25th Anniversary of Founding of COM-FSM. April 2018.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2018

Nationhood in the Pacific and its Challenges

Super Admin

Presentation at ELDP program on Guam, March 2018

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2018

Seven Thoughts on Education from a Lifelong Learner

Super Admin

Presentation at Pacific Education Conference, Palau, July 2017

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2017

ALCOHOL & DRUGS

Good News at Christmas

Super Admin

Presentation at Public Health Conference, Guam.

Francis X. Hezel, SJ

2016

ALCOHOL & DRUGS